(Bloomberg) — The Trump administration will initially
exclude Canada and Mexico from stiff tariffs on steel and
aluminum imports, an exemption they would lose if they fail to
reach an updated Nafta agreement with the U.S., White House
trade adviser Peter Navarro said on Wednesday.
The two nations won’t be subject to tariffs on their steel
and aluminum if they sign a new North American Free Trade
Agreement that meets the satisfaction of the U.S., Navarro said,
adding that other American allies could use a similar system to
ask for an exemption.
If Nafta talks fall through, Canada and Mexico would face
the same tariff as other nations, expected to be 25 percent on
steel and 10 percent on aluminum.
“Here’s the situation, and the president has made this
public,” Navarro said. “There’s going to be a provision which
will exclude Canada and Mexico until the Nafta thing is
concluded one way or another.”
The decision-making process regarding the tariffs has
evolved and more changes could be made before President Donald
Trump formally approves them. China on Thursday vowed to
retaliate, its most forceful comments yet on the threatened
“A trade war is never the right solution,” China’s Foreign
Minister Wang Yi told reporters in Beijing. “In a globalized
world, it is particularly unhelpful, as it will harm both the
initiator and the target countries. In the event of a trade war,
China will make a justified and necessary response.”
Earlier Wednesday, White House Press Secretary Sarah
Huckabee Sanders said the tariff plan would feature “potential
carve outs for Canada and Mexico based on national security”
considerations and also possible exclusions for specific
Australia is among those making the case for exemption,
with Foreign Minister Julie Bishop citing her nation’s status as
a “close ally and partner” in a Sky News interview on Thursday.
“While the news is encouraging, our efforts are ongoing,”
Trade Minister Steven Ciobo said in a reply to emailed questions
on Thursday about Huckabee Sanders’ comments. “We are leaving no
stone unturned to secure Australian exports and the jobs they
Negotiators from the U.S., Canada and Mexico wrapped up the
seventh round of Nafta talks this week in Mexico still hoping
for a breakthrough on the biggest sticking points. The president
hinted at the tariff incentive in a tweet earlier this week,
without elaborating on how the trade-off would work.
Trump’s plan to impose tariffs on aluminum and steel
triggered threats of retaliation from trading partners including
Canada, Mexico and the European Union. Lawmakers of his own
Republican Party have been turning up the pressure, warning of
severe political and economic ramifications and the potential
for a trade war from such broad-based measures.
Navarro, the director of the Office of Trade and
Manufacturing Policy, said in an interview with the Fox Business
Network on Wednesday evening that Trump would sign the tariff
proclamations on Thursday at 3:30 p.m. in the Oval Office
surrounded by workers in the steel and aluminum industry.
But a person familiar with the planning said that the
president would likely not sign on Thursday because lawyers
needed more time to polish the details and finish the paperwork.
The White House schedule released late Wednesday didn’t list a
tariff announcement for Thursday.
The threat of retaliation over the tariffs, which the
International Monetary Fund has warned could eventually damage
growth, is already rising. Besides China, the European Union has
said it would respond with its own 25 percent tariff to hit $3.5
billion of American goods. The bloc is targeting iconic U.S.
brands produced in key Republican states on a range of consumer,
agricultural and steel products, according to a list drawn up by
the European Commission.
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, in an interview on
Wednesday, said he recognizes the risk of retaliation against
the U.S. for steel and aluminum tariffs but he still believes
the move will benefit American workers.
“We are the freest trader in the world, hands down,”
Navarro told Bloomberg TV on Wednesday. “All we get for that is
a half a trillion dollar a year trade deficit that offshores our
wealth, offshores our jobs.”