Category Archives: France

(PUB) Cansado de mentir, ministro do Ambiente de Macron demite-se (em directo na rádio)

(PUB) Nicolas Hulot, um ecologista com fama nacional que tinha sido um trunfo do Presidente, bateu com a porta, em directo na rádio, desiludido. Protagonismo de Macron na luta pelo clima sai beliscado.

O compromisso com a causa ambiental, que Emmanuel Macron tem defendido com orgulho, sofreu esta terça-feira um valente safanão. Nicolas Hulot, responsável pela pasta do Ambiente, surpreendeu tudo e todos ao anunciar a sua demissão, numa entrevista em directo para a rádio France Inter, na qual assumiu a “frustração” pela falta de progressos do Governo francês em aplicar as suas propostas e a incapacidade para persuadir o Presidente e os restantes ministros sobre a urgência das mesmas.

“Não quero continuar a mentir a mim próprio. Não quero dar a ilusão de que a minha presença no Governo significa que estamos a avançar”, justificou Hulot, um ambientalista muito conhecido em França, muito antes de ser ministro.

O activista e apresentador de televisão admitiu que França “faz muito mais do que outros países” em matéria ambiental, mas afirmou que esses “pequenos passos” não são “suficientes” para combater os desafios das alterações climáticas.

O ministro demissionário, altamente popular, tem, por isso, esperança que a sua saída provoque uma “introspecção profunda na sociedade” francesa sobre o estado actual do ambiente e o papel do poder executivo na sua salvaguarda.

A saída de Hulot, a forma como foi anunciada – sem aviso prévio ao Presidente ou ao primeiro-ministro Edouard Philippe – e as justificações oferecidas beliscam seriamente Macron, que chamou a si grande parte do protagonismo na luta contra as mudanças climáticas, em especial quando Donald Trump chutou o tema para canto e anunciou a saída dos Estados Unidos do Acordo de Paris (2015)

A frase “Make our planet great again” (“tornar o planeta grande outra vez”), “roubada” ao lema da Administração Trump, tornou-se um dos slogans da campanha do Presidente francês por uma “economia mais verde”, que teve um dos seus momentos mais altos em Dezembro de 2017, na cimeira One Planet, em Paris, que contou com a presença de cerca de 50 chefes de Estado e de Governo, incluindo o primeiro-ministro português, António Costa, o secretário-geral das Nações Unidas, António Guterres, ou o presidente do Banco Mundial, Jim Yong Kim.

Mas o real empenho de Macron na prossecução das metas que sugeriu está a ser questionado em França. Sabia-se que Hulot não estava satisfeito no Governo, e questionava a sua permanência. Ao demitir-se, deu testemunho de ter tido braços-de-ferro com outros ministros, em particular e com o responsável da Agricultura, Stéphane Travert, desde o primeiro dia em assumiu a chefia do Ministério da Transição Ecológica e Solidária.

“Pequenos passos”, muita frustração

Macron adapta slogande Trump: “tornar o nosso planeta grande outra vez”

Pese embora alguns triunfos – os tais “pequenos passos” –, como o abandono do projecto para a construção de um novo aeroporto nos arredores de Nantes, ou o fim da exploração e utilização de hidrocarbonetos em território francês, o mandato de Hulot foi marcado por concessões e meias vitórias, como no caso da utilização de glifosato na agricultura. Face ao prolongamento do uso do herbicida na UE por mais cinco anos, Macron anunciou que França o proibiria dentro de três anos. Só que, por pressão dos agricultores, o ministro Travert afirmou que se “tentaria sair, mas se não houvesse um substituto deste herbicida, não seria suprimido”. 

A governação de Hulot passou por sucessivos recuos e adiamentos de promessas eleitorais, fruto da redefinição constante de prioridades no Conselho de Ministros, e pelas quais o próprio foi obrigado a dar a cara, mesmo que sem grande convicção. 

O apoio à alteração das metas para a redução da dependência francesa da energia nuclear, até 2025, foi o maior sapo que Hulot teve de engolir e precipitou rumores sobre um pedido de demissão iminente.

“França fala muito, mas age pouco. Muitos anúncios terminam em decisões insignificantes”, criticou o eurodeputado Eric Andrieu, do Partido Socialista, justificando a postura do Governo com a “falta de coerência” nas políticas dos vários ministérios.

A gota de água

O pedido de demissão de um dos “ministros-estrela” do Governo Macron foi praticamente decidido na cabeça do activista depois de uma reunião no Palácio do Eliseu na segunda-feira. 

Macron, o Presidente Júpiter, está a tombar do seu Olimpo, pelo menos para os franceses

O encontro onde se discutiu uma proposta de redução dos preços das licenças de caça, para tornar as regiões rurais francesas mais atractivas, contou com a presença de Thierry Coste, um conhecido lobista da Federação Nacional de Caçadores, que, segundo o Le Monde, gosta de se descrever como “o Maquiavel da ruralidade”. 

Hulot não gostou de o ver sentado à mesma mesa que o Presidente, o primeiro-ministro e os membros do Governo, fez questão de expressar a sua indignação e definiu o momento como a gota de água num mandato “frustrante”.

A relação de proximidade entre o Presidente e os chamados “representantes de interesses” não é um segredo, mais ainda tendo em conta o passado “empresarial” de grande parte dos membros e consultores do Governo, alguns deles assumidos lobistas, como o porta-voz Benjamin Griveaux. Mas tem sido criticada pela oposição, que recorda a “independência” propalada por Macron durante a campanha presidencial de 2017.

Na hora de reagir à demissão de Hulot – é a quinta baixa no Governo em pouco mais de um ano –, o Presidente rebateu este argumento e a ideia de que o executivo não tem cumprido as suas promessas. E lembrou que os obstáculos são muitos, em matéria ambiental.

“Este Governo fez mais em 15 meses do que qualquer outro. [Mas] esta é uma luta que não se vence da noite para o dia e que obriga a confrontarmos a realidade”, explicou a partir da Dinamarca, antes de deixar a promessa: “O compromisso baseado no que prometi aos franceses continuará a ser constante da minha parte”.

(EXAME) Emmanuel Macron pode solicitar status internacional à Amazônia

(EXAME)Presidente francês sugeriu a hipótese caso líderes da região tomem decisões prejudiciais ao planeta, em clara alusão ao presidente Jair Bolsonaro

Emmanuel Macron

Emmanuel Macron: presidente critica postura de Bolsonaro diante de incêndios na Amazônia (Philippe Wojazer/Reuters)

O G-7, grupo de países mais ricos do mundo, prometeu nesta segunda-feira, 26, liberar em caráter de urgência US$ 20 milhões o equivalente a R$ 83 milhões, para enviar aviões-tanque para combater os incêndios na Amazônia. O presidente da França, Emmanuel Macron, questionou a conveniência de conferir um status internacional à floresta caso os líderes da região tomem decisões prejudiciais ao planeta.

A fala de Macron é uma clara alusão ao presidente brasileiro, Jair Bolsonaro(PSL), que o acusou de ter uma “mentalidade colonialista” por exigir uma ação internacional a respeito da região.

Associações e organizações não governamentais (ONGs) levantaram a questão de definir um status internacional para a Amazônia.

“Este não é o quadro da iniciativa que estamos tomando, mas é uma questão real que se impõe se um Estado soberano tomar medidas concretas que obviamente se opõem ao interesse de todo o planeta”, disse Mácron. “As conversas entre (Sebastián) Piñera (presidente do Chile) e Bolsonaro não vão nessa direção, acho que ele está ciente desse assunto. Em qualquer caso, quero viver com essa esperança.”Veja também

Segundo o presidente francês, esse status “é um caminho que permanece aberto e continuará a florescer nos próximos meses e anos”. “A questão é tal no plano climático que não podemos dizer ‘Este é um problema só meu’. É o mesmo para aqueles que têm espaços glaciais em seu território ou que impactam o mundo inteiro.”Veja também

Ele garantiu, no entanto, que construiu a iniciativa que será proposta às Nações Unidas “para respeitar a soberania de cada país”. / Com agências internacionais.

(DN) Português vai liderar financeira do grupo Renault

(DN) João Miguel Leandro assume presidência executiva do RCI Bank a partir de 1 de setembro. Português também será administrador do grupo Renault.

O RCI Bank and Services, a financeira do grupo Renault, vai ser liderado por um português a partir de 1 de setembro. João Miguel Leandro foi o nome escolhido para suceder a Bruno Kintzinger como presidente executivo desta entidade, segundo uma nota de imprensa divulgada esta segunda-feira.

“A perícia de João Miguel Leandro na área financeira e bancária em França e no estrangeiro, além do seu conhecimento do negócio, ofertas e serviços no crédito automóvel são verdadeiras ativos para reforçar o contributo do RCI Bank and Services no desenvolvimento das marcas da aliança [Renault, Nissan, Mitsubishi”, destaca Clotilde Delbos, presidente do conselho de administração do RCI Bank and Services, citada no mesmo documento.

Nascido em 1972, João Miguel Leandro conta com um MBA pela Harvard Business School. Está na área financeira há mais de 20 anos, tendo passado pelo Banco Mello Investimentos, grupo Banco Mais, Crédit Agricole e banco Credibom.

João Miguel Leandro era, até agora, o vice-presidente executivo do Crédit Agricole Consumer Finance.

Além de ser o novo presidente executivo do RCI Bank and Services, este português vai ocupar um dos lugares da comissão executiva do grupo Renault.

João Miguel Leandro é o exemplo de mais um português com cargos de grande responsabilidade na indústria automóvel. Por exemplo, desde 2017, o português Carlos Tavares é o presidente executivo do grupo PSA (Peugeot-Citroën).

(Reuters) Parliament cannot stop Brexit, Johnson to tell Macron and Merkel

(Reuters)

LONDON (Reuters) – Prime Minister Boris Johnson will tell French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel that the Westminster parliament cannot stop Brexit and a new deal must be agreed if Britain is to avoid leaving the EU without one.

In his first trip abroad as leader, Johnson is due to meet his European counterparts ahead of a G7 summit on Aug. 24-26 in Biarritz, France.

He will say that Britain is leaving the European Union on Oct. 31, with or without a deal, and that the British parliament cannot block that, according to a Downing Street source.

The United Kingdom is heading towards a constitutional crisis at home and a showdown with the EU as Johnson has repeatedly vowed to leave the bloc on Oct. 31 without a deal unless it agrees to renegotiate the Brexit divorce.

After more than three years of Brexit dominating EU affairs, the bloc has repeatedly refused to reopen the Withdrawal Agreement which includes an Irish border insurance policy that Johnson’s predecessor, Theresa May, agreed in November.

The prime minister is coming under pressure from politicians across the political spectrum to prevent a disorderly departure, with opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn vowing to bring down Johnson’s government in early September to delay Brexit.

It is, however, unclear if lawmakers have the unity or power to use the British parliament to prevent a no-deal Brexit on Oct. 31 – likely to be the United Kingdom’s most significant move since World War Two.

Opponents of no deal say it would be a disaster for what was once one of the West’s most stable democracies. A disorderly divorce, they say, would hurt global growth, send shockwaves through financial markets and weaken London’s claim to be the world’s preeminent financial centre.

Brexit supporters say there may be short-term disruption from a no-deal exit but that the economy will thrive if cut free from what they cast as a doomed experiment in integration that has led to Europe falling behind China and the United States.

(CNBC) Trump says he ‘might’ put tariffs on French wine in response to digital tax

(CNBC)

  • President Donald Trump threatens retaliatory action against France in response to the country’s tax on digital service, saying he “might” put tariffs on French wine.
  • The White House is determining whether the measure is discriminatory or targets U.S. companies.
  • Trump tweets that he has “always said American wine is better than French wine!”

President Donald Trump said Friday that he “might” slap tariffs on French wine in response to the country’s new tax affecting technology companies.

The president told French President Emmanuel Macron that he would put duties on French wine if France passed the digital services tax it approved earlier this month, Trump told reporters Friday. In a tweet earlier Friday, Trump also suggested he could target French wine — a move experts considered the most likely U.S. response to the French digital services tax.

“I’ve always said American wine is better than French wine!” Trump tweeted.

In the tweet, the president said his administration will unveil “a substantial reciprocal action” following what he called Macron’s “foolishness.”

Donald J. Trump@realDonaldTrump

France just put a digital tax on our great American technology companies. If anybody taxes them, it should be their home Country, the USA. We will announce a substantial reciprocal action on Macron’s foolishness shortly. I’ve always said American wine is better than French wine!186K5:32 PM – Jul 26, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacy84.2K people are talking about this

Earlier this month, France passed a 3% tax that will affect firms such as Facebook and Google that draw about $28 million or more in revenue from digital services in France. The Trump administration then started an investigation under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974.WATCH NOWVIDEO00:45White House launches probe in response to France’s tax on US tech companies

If, after the probe, the U.S. determines the tax is discriminatory or unreasonably targets U.S. firms, Trump could respond with tariffs. Trade experts considered Trump’s most likely response a 100% tariff on French wine — one of the country’s signature, symbolic products.

In a statement Friday, White House spokesman Judd Deere criticized France’s tax but did not give any new details on what the U.S. could do to retaliate. He said the administration is “looking closely at all other policy tools” in addition to the already launched investigation as it determines how to respond to France.

“The Trump Administration has consistently stated that it will not sit idly by and tolerate discrimination against U.S.-based firms,” he said.

In a CNBC interview last month, Trump suggested he could put tariffs on French wine. He said California wine producers have complained to him about France putting higher tariffs on imports than the U.S. does. “And you know what, it’s not fair. We’ll do something about it,” he said.

France exported 3.2 billion euros (or about $3.6 billion) in wine to the U.S. last year, according to the Federation of French Wines and Spirits Exporters. The U.S. was France’s biggest wine export market.

Trump does not drink alcohol, but he is familiar with the wine industry. While in office, Trump has touted the Virginia-based Trump Winery operated by his son, Eric.

Tariffs on France would open up another conflict as Trump tries to navigate thorny trade relationships around the globe. Already in the coming months, the White House looks to push a skeptical Congress to approve Trump’s replacement for the North American Free Trade Agreement and strike a trade deal with China.

(BBC) France passes tax on tech giants despite US threats

(BBC)

A visitor walks in front of a Google logo during a show at Parc des Expositions in May 2018

France has approved a digital services tax despite threats of retaliation by the US, which argues that it unfairly targets American tech giants.

The 3% tax will be levied on sales generated in France by multinational firms like Google and Facebook.

The French government has argued that such firms headquartered outside the country pay little or no tax.

The US administration has ordered an inquiry into the move – which could result in retaliatory tariffs.

The new tax was approved by the French senate on Thursday, a week after it was passed by the lower house, the National Assembly.

Any digital company with revenue of more than €750m ($850m; £670m) – of which at least €25m is generated in France – would be subject to the levy.

It will be retroactively applied from early 2019, and is expected to raise about €400m this year.

Why target tech giants?

At present, they are able to pay little or no corporate tax in countries where they do not have a large physical presence. They declare most of their profits where they are headquartered.

The European Commission estimates that on average traditional businesses face a 23% tax rate on their profits within the EU, while internet companies typically pay 8% or 9%.

France has long argued that taxes should be based on digital, not just physical presence. It announced its own tax on big technology firms last year after EU-wide efforts stalled.

An EU levy would require consensus among members, but Ireland, the Czech Republic, Sweden and Finland raised objections.

France’s new 3% tax will be based on sales made in the country, rather than on profits.

About 30 – mostly American companies – will pay it. Chinese, German, Spanish and British firms will also be affected.

The French government says the tax will end if a similar measure is agreed internationally.

The big tech companies have argued they are complying with national and international tax laws.

What has the US said?

The Trump administration denounced the move a day before the vote.

On Wednesday trade representative Robert Lighthizer said an investigation would “determine whether it is discriminatory or unreasonable and burdens or restricts United States commerce”.

US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer
Image captionUS Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said President Trump ordered the investigation

The US inquiry could pave the way for punitive tariffs, which Mr Trump has imposed on several occasions since taking office.

Previous investigations launched by Washington have covered European Union and Chinese trade practices.

Defending the new tax on Thursday, French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said France was “sovereign and decided its own tax rules”.

“I want to tell our American friends that this should be an incentive for them to accelerate even more our work to find an agreement on the international taxation of digital services,” he added.

Grey line

France isolated

Analysis by Dave Lee, BBC North America technology reporter

This “Section 301” investigation, as it is known, has been used before as a way of eventually implementing new tariffs on countries the Trump administration feels is taking the US for a ride.

If France is going to take hundreds of millions of euros from the pockets of American tech giants, the US argument might be, then why shouldn’t the US earn more money from what the French do in the US? It took the same view with China and has buried itself in a trade war that has destabilised relations and has the potential to escalate even further.

The digital tax is a risk for France, for it is now isolated. There had been talk of a Europe-wide tech tax, but talks fell down thanks in part to opposition from countries such as Ireland, which has benefitted from being able to attract tech firms to set up their European base in the country. Other countries – such as the UK, Spain and Austria – are considering similar moves, but France is furthest along.

One thing all sides agree on, however, is that in our modern, digital economy, the overhaul of how companies are taxed is long overdue.

France will be hoping for one of two outcomes. Either countries follow their lead and implement their own, independent laws, limiting France’s exposure. Or the move gives added energy to calls for a multilateral agreement on how digital firms should be taxed globally, putting an end to the squirreling-away of vast sums of money made by internet giants.

(GUA) France records all-time highest temperature of 45.9C

(GUA)

Record for mainland France falls in southern commune of Gallargues-le-Montueux as Europe swelters in heatwave

France recorded temperatures nearly two degrees higher than its previous record and firefighters continued to battle historic wildfires in Spain as much of western Europe remained in the grip of an extreme early-summer heatwave on Friday.

The French state weather forecaster, Météo-France, said the temperature in Gallargues-le-Montueux in the Gard département hit 45.9C at 4.20pm on Friday.

The previous 2003 record of 44.1C was beaten twice before on Friday: first when the southeastern town of Carpentras reached 44.3C, then hours later when Villevieille, in Provence, hit 45.1C.

“This is historic,” a Météo-France meteorologist, Etienne Kapikian, said. “It’s the first time a temperature in excess of 45C has ever been recorded in France.”

In Germany, the national DWD weather service said overall June temperatures were more than four degrees higher than historic averages for the month and 0.4C higher than the 2003 June average, the warmest since records began in 1881.

The World Meteorological Organisation in Geneva said 2019 was now firmly on course to be among the world’s hottest ever years and that 2015-2019 would then become the hottest five-year period on record.

While it was too soon to definitely attribute the Europe’s current blistering heatwave, which began on Monday, to climate change, it was “absolutely consistent” with extremes linked to the impact of greenhouse gas emissions, the UN agency said.

“Heatwaves will become more intense, they will become more drawn out, they will become more extreme, they will start earlier and they will finish later,” the WMO spokeswoman, Clare Nullis, told journalists.

The French president, Emmanuel Macron, said extreme weather would become more frequent as a result of global warming. “We will need to change our set-up, our way of working, build differently,” he said, stressing a necessary “adaptation of society and its habits”.Quick guide

How global heating is causing more extreme weather

Four administrative départements in France – Vaucluse, Gard, Hérault and Bouches-du-Rhône – were placed on red alert, signalling temperatures of “dangerous intensity” that are more typical of Saudi Arabia.

About 4,000 schools were closed in France as head teachers warned they could not guarantee safe conditions, local authorities cancelled many end-of-school-year carnivals, and nursing homes equipped the elderly with hydration sensors.

“This heat wave is exceptional by its intensity and how early it is,” the prime minister, Edouard Philippe, said, defending authorities’ efforts to avoid a repeat of the notorious 2003 heatwave which caused 15,000 premature deaths.

“I want to appeal to the sense of responsibility of citizens – there are avoidable deaths in every heatwave,” Philippe said. “Measures have been taken for the most vulnerable people but given the intensity of the heat wave, it’s the entire population who must be careful today … both for oneself and for loved ones and neighbours.”

The French health minister, Agnès Buzyn, warned people tempted to plunge into cold water to do so only in designated public bathing areas, adding that four people had drowned since the beginning of the week.

A six-year-old child was also in life-threatening condition after being hit by water shooting from an illegally opened fire hydrant in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis, French media reported.

Activists from Youth for Climate stage a sit-in in Paris.
 Activists from Youth for Climate stage a sit-in in Paris. Photograph: Lewis Joly/AP

French families with elderly relatives who were ill or living alone were advised to call or visit them twice a day and take them to cool places, while the state-run rail operator SNCF offered free cancellations or exchanges on long-distance trips.

The greater Paris region, Ile de France, had already banned more than half of cars from its roads in an effort to reduce air pollution and the cities of Lyon, Strasbourg and Marseille have also restricted traffic.

With temperatures in parts of Spain expected to hit a new June record of 43C, the Spanish meteorological office issued red alerts in parts of Catalonia, Navarre and the Basque country.

Hundreds of firefighters in Catalonia continued to battle to bring a large wildfire under control which has so far burned through 6,500 hectares of land and could consume as many as 20,000ha.

A 17-year-old Spanish boy died from heatstroke in the early hours of Friday after having convulsions when he jumped into a swimming pool to cool down, while an 80-year-old man died on Thursday after collapsing from what is thought to have been heatstroke in the city of Valladolid.

Italy put 16 cities under alerts for high temperatures, and civil security services distributed water to tourists visiting famed sites around Rome under a scorching sun and in Berlin, a police unit turned water cannon usually used against rioters on city trees to cool them down.

As Germans attempted to cool off amid scorching temperatures, at least four people died in bathing accidents in different parts of the country on Wednesday. Parts of Britain were expected to experience high temperatureson Saturday, with a high of 32C forecast for London.

(EN) Laurent Wauquiez resigns as leader of France’s centre-right Les Républicains

(EN)
The leader of France’s centre-right Les Républicains party announced he would step down on Sunday just one week after his party received its lowest score ever in the European elections.

The party received just 8.48% of the vote in France on May 26 whereas, in 2014, the party received 20.41% of the vote.

“The election was a failure,” Wauquiez told the French channel TF1 on Sunday. “It’s not easy but we must humbly recognise that it was a failure.”

“Victories are collective. Defeats are solitary. That’s the way it is,” Wauquiez continued.

Wauquiez went on to say that he must take responsibility and that he had given the decision serious consideration.

Laurent Wauquiez

@laurentwauquiez
J’ai décidé de prendre du recul. Je me retire de mes fonctions de président des Républicains. C’est indispensable. Pendant une semaine, j’ai tout fait pour rassembler les bonnes volontés. Je ne veux pas être un obstacle. La droite doit se reconstruire. #Le20h

1,389
7:40 PM – Jun 2, 2019
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Pressure had been mounting on the 44-year-old right-wing politician to resign from the post he has held for 18 months.

The Républicains president of the Ile-de-France region, Valérie Pécresse, told RTL the day after the European elections that if she were in Wauquiez’s place, she would resign.

Eleven young Les Républicains deputies posted a statement on Twitter Thursday stating that French people no longer voted or believed in the party’s ideas and called for a renewal committee to voice a new generation of the party.

Les Républicains — previously known as the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) — is the same party of former French president Nicolas Sarkozy and former Prime Minister Alain Juppé. It is also the former party of Macron’s prime minister Édouard Philippe.

Les Républicains presidential candidate François Fillon came in third place in the first round of the 2017 election behind Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen.

But the party was in fourth place behind Marine Le Pen’s far-right National Rally, Macron’s En Marche party, and Yannick Jadot’s Green Party list in the European elections.

Wauquiez will now focus on his role as president of the region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

(LeMonde) Antonio Costa : « Je partage les mêmes idées que Macron »

(LeMonde)

Dans un entretien avec « Le Monde », le premier ministre socialiste portugais, associé à la gauche radicale dans son pays, explique pourquoi il veut s’allier avec le président français au niveau européen.

Antonio Costa à l’Elysée, le 20 mai.
Antonio Costa à l’Elysée, le 20 mai. LUDOVIC MARIN / AFP

Premier ministre socialiste du Portugal depuis 2015 grâce à une alliance inédite avec la gauche radicale, Antonio Costa est souvent présenté comme l’un des espoirs de la gauche en Europe, parce qu’il a réussi à faire sortir son pays de la cure d’austérité imposée en échange d’un plan d’aide de la zone euro. Il a toutefois récemment soutenu Emmanuel Macron.

Votre vidéo appelant à l’unité « des forces progressistes » avec Emmanuel Macron a suscité beaucoup de critiques des gauches françaises et portugaises. Aux élections européennes, soutenez-vous le président français ou Raphaël Glucksmann, la tête de liste PS-Place publique ?

Les choix de politique intérieure sont les choix des Français. Mais au niveau européen, il faut absolument bâtir une grande alliance progressiste et démocratique au moment où l’extrême droite construit son internationale. J’ai envoyé un message sur une vision européenne qu’on partage avec Emmanuel Macron ; de la même façon que j’ai envoyé un message à Alexis Tsipras [le premier ministre grec de gauche]. Il faut bâtir au sein du Conseil européen un grand front pour l’avenir de l’Europe.

Y compris avec La République en Marche, que les socialistes français classent à droite ?

Au niveau européen, on siège à vingt-huit. Et à vingt-huit, il faut trouver des points de vue en commun et des alliances. Sur plusieurs sujets, à commencer par la réforme de la zone euro, on partage les même idées avec le président Macron, qui a donné une impulsion supplémentaire aux efforts réformistes pour bâtir une Europe plus proche des citoyens.

(BBC) Notre-Dame: Massive fire ravages Paris cathedral

(BBC)

A major fire has engulfed the medieval cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris, one of France’s most famous landmarks.

The 850-year-old Gothic building’s spire and roof have collapsed but the main structure, including the two bell towers, has been saved, officials say.

Firefighters are still working to contain the blaze as teams try to salvage the artwork stored inside.

President Emmanuel Macron called it a “terrible tragedy”. The cause of the fire is not yet clear.

Officials say it could be linked to the renovation work that began after cracks appeared in the stone, sparking fears the structure could become unstable.

Paris prosecutor’s office said it had opened an inquiry into “accidental destruction by fire”. A firefighter was seriously injured while tackling the blaze.

Visibly emotional, Mr Macron said the “worst had been avoided” and vowed to launch an international fundraising scheme to rebuild the cathedral.

How did the fire spread?

The fire began at around 18:30 (16:30 GMT) and quickly reached the roof of the cathedral, destroying its stained-glass windows and the wooden interior before toppling the spire.

Damaged parts of cathedral
Presentational grey line

Some 500 firefighters worked to prevent one of the bell towers from collapsing. More than four hours later, fire chief Jean-Claude Gallet said the main structure had been “saved and preserved” from total destruction.

Sections of the cathedral were under scaffolding as part of the extensive renovations and 16 copper statues had been removed last week.

Deputy Paris Mayor Emmanuel Gregoire said the building had suffered “colossal damages”, and teams were working to save the cathedral’s remaining artwork.

Media captionThe fire department said a major operation was under way

Historian Camille Pascal told French broadcaster BFMTV that “invaluable heritage” had been destroyed, adding: “Happy and unfortunate events for centuries have been marked by the bells of Notre-Dame. We can be only horrified by what we see”.

How have people reacted?

Thousands of people gathered in the streets around the cathedral, observing the flames in silence. Some could be seen openly weeping, while others sang hymns or said prayers.

Several churches around Paris rang their bells in response to the blaze, which happened as Catholics celebrate Holy Week.

INTERACTIVENotre-Dame cathedral fire

After

Image of Notre Dame with the tower missing

Before

Image of Notre Dame with the tower on fire

Because of the fire, Mr Macron cancelled a speech on TV in which he was due to address the street protests that have rocked France for months.

Visiting the scene, the president said the cathedral was a building “for all French people”, including those who had never been there.

“We’ll rebuild Notre-Dame together”, he said as he praised the “extreme courage” and “professionalism” of the firefighters.

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A symbol of a country

Analysis by Henri Astier, BBC World Online

No other site represents France quite like Notre-Dame. Its main rival as a national symbol, the Eiffel Tower, is little more than a century old. Notre-Dame has stood tall above Paris since the 1200s.

It has given its name to one of the country’s literary masterpieces. Victor Hugo’s The Hunchback of Notre-Dame is known to the French simply as Notre-Dame de Paris.

The last time the cathedral suffered major damage was during the French Revolution. It survived two world wars largely unscathed.

Watching such an embodiment of the permanence of a nation burn and its spire collapse is profoundly shocking to any French person.

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Facts about Notre-Dame

  • The church receives almost 13 million visitors each year, more than the Eiffel Tower
  • A Unesco World Heritage site, it was built in the 12th and 13th centuries
  • Several statues of the facade of the Catholic cathedral were removed for renovation
  • The roof, which has been destroyed by the blaze, was made mostly of wood
  • Read more about the treasures of the cathedral
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What has been the international reaction?

The Vatican expressed “shock and sadness,” adding that it was praying for the French fire services.

Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel has offered her support to the people of France, calling Notre-Dame a “symbol of French and European culture”.

UK Prime Minister Theresa May said in a tweet: “My thoughts are with the people of France tonight and with the emergency services who are fighting the terrible blaze at Notre-Dame cathedral”.

Also on Twitter, US President Donald Trump said it was “horrible to watch” the fire and suggested that “flying water tankers” could be used to extinguish the blaze.

In an apparent response, the French Civil Security service said that was not an option as it might result in the collapse of the entire building.

(BBG) France’s Macron to Address Nation With Plans to Quell Discontent

(BBG) By Geraldine Amiel14 de abril de 2019, 18:02 WEST Updated on 14 de abril de 2019, 20:05 WEST

  •  President will unveil measures to appease discontent on Monday
  •  He’s also planning a rare press conference on Wednesday

French President Emmanuel Macron plans to address the nation Monday evening to announce a set of measures following a 10-week national debate devised to assuage grassroots discontent and relaunch his presidency, a month ahead of EU elections seen as a referendum on his policies.

Macron will also hold a press conference on Wednesday, his office said in a statement on Sunday. Underscoring the moment’s importance, it’s the first time the president who pledged to keep his distance from the media is doing an ask-me-anything session with reporters at the Elysee palace since taking office in May 2017.

France is waiting for Macron to set out conclusions after a series of debates with citizens, designed to take the heat out of the protests that have roiled the country since mid-November. Some 31,000 Yellow Vests turned out across the nation on Saturday for a 22nd consecutive weekend.

Read more: Macron Gets on Everyone’s Nerves With Brexit Hard Man Act

Having pushed through labor-market changes and other reforms during his first year, Macron is under pressure to restore momentum after a scandal over his bodyguard, a series of verbal gaffes and the resignations of some of his most popular ministers. His approval rating slipped 1 percentage point to 27 percent in an Ipsos poll published last week.

Some of his opponents, notably far-left leader Jean-Luc Melenchon, are casting European Parliament elections in May as a referendum on Macron’s his policies.

What the French Want

Macron was meeting Sunday evening with his Prime Minister Edouard Philippe and his cabinet, to align everyone for the new direction to be unveiled Monday evening, a spokeswoman for his office said.

A decrease in income tax is favored by 82 percent of French people, according to a poll that asked respondents how Macron should react to the movement.

Scrapping privatizations, including the sale of Paris airports operator ADP, was supported by 62 percent of those surveyed in the Ifop poll for Le Journal du Dimanche newspaper. Measures such as linking low-end pensions to inflation, making it obligatory to have doctors in rural areas and scrapping France’s television license fee each garnered at least four-fifths support.

Yellow Vests have already pledged to stage new demonstrations in Paris next Saturday, on April 20.

(EUobserver) France and Germany to co-chair UN security council

(EUobserver)

France and Germany are to share the rotating presidency of the UN security council (UNSC). Unlike France, Germany serves as a non-permanent member of the UNSC. German foreign Minister Heiko Maas said Monday the country planned on using its role to “strengthen long-term conflict prevention.” France previously rejected German appeals to convert its permanent UNSC seat into an EU one.

(DN) Por um Renascimento europeu – Macron

(DN)

Emmanuel Macron, Presidente da República francesa, dirige-se aos cidadãos europeus num artigo publicado em vários jornais, nas mais diversas línguas, incluíndo o Diário de Notícias, em exclusivo para Portugal, e também, entre outros, o britânico Guardian, o alemão Die Welt e o espanhol El País.

Cidadãos da Europa, se tomo a liberdade de dirigir-me diretamente a vós, não é somente em nome da história e dos valores que nos unem. É porque a situação é de urgência. Dentro de algumas semanas, as eleições europeias serão decisivas para o futuro do nosso continente.

Nunca desde a Segunda Guerra mundial se afigurou tão necessária a Europa. No entanto, nunca a Europa esteve em situação tão perigosa.

O Brexit é o símbolo desse perigo. Símbolo da crise da Europa, que não soube responder às necessidades de proteção dos povos face aos grandes choques do mundo contemporâneo. Símbolo, também, da armadilha europeia. Não é a pertença à União europeia que é a armadilha; são a mentira e a irresponsabilidade que a podem destruir. Quem disse a verdade aos Britânicos sobre o seu futuro após o Brexit? Quem lhes falou da perda do acesso ao mercado europeu? Quem evocou os riscos para a paz na Irlanda com a reposição da fronteira do passado? O recuo nacionalista nada propõe; apenas rejeita, não projeta. E esta armadilha ameaça toda a Europa: os exploradores da ira, sustentados pelas falsas informações prometem mundos e fundos.

Face a essas manipulações, devemos manter-nos de pé. Orgulhosos e lúcidos. Dizer, antes de mais, o que é a Europa. É um sucesso histórico: a reconciliação de um continente devastado, num projeto inédito de paz, de prosperidade e de liberdade. Nunca o esqueçamos. E esse projeto continua a proteger-nos hoje: que país pode enfrentar, sozinho, as estratégias agressivas de grandes potências? Quem pode almejar ser soberano sozinho perante os gigantes do setor digital? Como resistiríamos às crises do capitalismo financeiro sem o euro, que é uma força para toda a União? A Europa significa também milhares de projetos do quotidiano que transformaram a face dos nossos territórios: este liceu renovado, aquela estrada construída, o acesso rápido à Internet a chegar, por fim. Este combate exige um compromisso a cada dia, pois a Europa e a paz não são dados adquiridos. Em nome da França, travo este combate sem descanso para fazer progredir a Europa e defender o seu modelo. Mostrámos que aquilo que era considerado inalcançável, a criação de uma defesa europeia ou a proteção dos direitos sociais, era possível.

Mas é preciso fazer mais, mais depressa. Pois existe a outra armadilha, a do status quo e da resignação. Perante os grandes choques do mundo, os cidadãos tantas vezes nos dizem: “Onde está a Europa? O que faz a Europa?”. Para eles, ela transformou-se num mercado sem alma. Ora, a Europa não é meramente um mercado, é um projeto. Um mercado é útil, mas não deve fazer esquecer a necessidade de fronteiras que protegem e de valores que unem. Os nacionalistas enganam-se quando afirmam defender a nossa identidade com o recuo da Europa, pois é a civilização europeia que nos reúne, que nos liberta e nos protege. Contudo, aqueles que não querem que nada mude também se enganam, pois negam os receios que os nossos povos sentem, as dúvidas que assolam as nossas democracias. Estamos a viver um momento decisivo para o nosso continente; um momento em que, coletivamente, devemos reinventar política e culturalmente as formas da nossa civilização num mundo em transformação. Chegou a hora do Renascimento europeu. Por isso, resistindo às tentações do recuo e das divisões, proponho-vos construirmos, juntos, este Renascimento em torno de três ambições: a liberdade, a proteção e o progresso.

Defender a nossa liberdade

O modelo europeu assenta na liberdade humana, na diversidade das opiniões, da criação. A nossa liberdade primeira é a liberdade democrática, a de escolher os nossos dirigentes apesar de potências estrangeiras procurarem, a cada eleição, influenciar os nossos votos. Proponho a criação de uma Agência europeia de proteção das democracias que providenciará peritos europeus para cada Estado membro para proteger o seu processo eleitoral contra os ciberataques e as manipulações. Neste espírito de independência, também devemos proibir o financiamento dos partidos políticos europeus por potências estrangeiras. Devemos banir da Internet, com regras europeias, todos os discursos de ódio e de violência, pois o respeito pelo indivíduo é o alicerce da nossa civilização de dignidade.

Proteger o nosso continente

Fundada com base na reconciliação interna, a União europeia esqueceu-se de olhar para as realidades do mundo. Nenhuma comunidade é capaz de suscitar um sentimento de pertença se não possuir limites que ela protege. A fronteira representa a liberdade com segurança. Logo, devemos repensar o espaço Schengen: todos os que querem ser parte desse espaço devem cumprir obrigações de responsabilidade (controlo rigoroso das fronteiras) e de solidariedade (a mesma política de asilo, com as mesmas regras de acolhimento e de recusa). Uma polícia de fronteiras comum e um serviço europeu de asilo, estritas obrigações de controlo, uma solidariedade europeia para a qual contribui cada país, sob a autoridade de um Conselho europeu de segurança interna: acredito, face às migrações, numa Europa que protege ao mesmo tempo os seus valores e as suas fronteiras.

As mesmas exigências devem aplicar-se à defesa. Foram realizados importantes progressos nos últimos dois anos, mas precisamos de um rumo claro: um tratado de defesa e de segurança deverá definir as nossas obrigações indispensáveis, em cooperação com a OTAN e os nossos aliados europeus: aumento das despesas militares, cláusula de defesa mútua operacionalizada, Conselho de segurança europeu associando o Reino Unido para preparar as nossas decisões coletivas.

As nossas fronteiras também devem garantir uma concorrência equitativa. Que potência no mundo aceita continuar as suas trocas com quem não respeita nenhuma das suas regras? Não podemos suportar sem nada dizer. Devemos reformar a nossa política de concorrência, repensar a nossa política comercial: punir ou proibir na Europa as empresas que prejudicam os nossos interesses estratégicos e os nossos valores essenciais, como as normas ambientais, a proteção dos dados e o justo pagamento do imposto; e assumir, nas indústrias estratégicas e nos nossos concursos públicos, uma preferência europeia, tal como o fazem os nossos concorrentes americanos ou chineses.

Resgatar o espírito de progresso

A Europa não é uma potência de segunda categoria. A Europa toda é uma vanguarda: sempre soube definir as normas do progresso. Por isso, ela deve propugnar um projeto de convergência mais do que de concorrência: a Europa, onde foi criada a segurança social, deve construir, para cada trabalhador, de Leste a Oeste e de Norte a Sul, um escudo socialque garanta a mesma remuneração no mesmo local de trabalho e um salário mínimo europeu, adaptado a cada país e discutido coletivamente a cada ano.

Resgatar o progresso significa também liderar o combate ecológico. Como poderemos encarar os nossos filhos se não reduzirmos também a nossa dívida climática? A União europeia deve determinar a sua ambição – 0 carbono em 2050, reduzir para metade os pesticidas em 2025 – e adaptar as suas políticas a essa exigência: um Banco europeu do clima para financiar a transição ecológica; uma força sanitária europeia para reforçar os controlos dos nossos alimentos; contra a ameaça dos lobbies, uma avaliação científica independente das substâncias perigosas para o ambiente e a saúde… Esse imperativo deve nortear toda a nossa ação; desde o Banco central até a Comissão europeia, desde o orçamento europeu até o plano de investimento para a Europa, todas as nossas instituições devem inserir o clima no âmago do seu mandato.

O progresso e a liberdade significam poder viver dos proventos do seu trabalho: para criar empregos, a Europa deve antecipar. Por isso é que ela deve, não só regulamentar os gigantes do setor digital, com a criação de uma supervisão europeia das grandes plataformas (sanções aceleradas em caso de violação da concorrência, transparência dos seus algoritmos…), mas também financiar a inovação dotando o novo Conselho europeu da inovação com um orçamento comparável ao dos Estados Unidos, para conduzir as novas ruturas tecnológicas, como a inteligência artificial.

Uma Europa que se projeta no mundo deve estar voltada para África, com a qual devemos formar um pacto de futuro. Assumindo um destino comum, apoiando o seu desenvolvimento de maneira ambiciosa e não defensiva: investimento, parcerias universitárias, educação das raparigas…

Liberdade, proteção, progresso. Devemos construir sobre esses alicerces um Renascimento europeu. Não podemos deixar os nacionalistas sem solução explorar a ira dos povos. Não podemos ser os sonâmbulos de uma Europa amolecida. Não podemos permanecer na rotina e nas proclamações. O humanismo europeu é uma exigência de ação. E por toda parte os cidadãos exigem participar na mudança. Até ao fim do ano, com os representantes das instituições europeias e dos Estados, organizemos uma Conferência para a Europa a fim de propor todas as mudanças necessárias para o nosso projeto político, sem tabu, nem mesmo a revisão dos tratados. Esta Conferência deverá associar painéis de cidadãos, auscultar os académicos, os parceiros sociais, os representantes religiosos e espirituais. Definirá um roteiro para a União europeia traduzindo em ações concretas essas grandes prioridades. Haverá divergências, mas será melhor uma Europa parada ou uma Europa que progride por vezes em ritmos diferentes, mas permanecendo aberta a todos?

Nesta Europa, os povos reassumirão verdadeiramente o controlo do seu destino; nesta Europa, o Reino Unido, tenho a certeza, encontrará o seu devido lugar.

Cidadãos da Europa, o impasse do Brexit é uma lição para todos. Devemos sair dessa armadilha e dar um sentido às eleições vindouras e ao nosso projeto. Cabe-vos, a vós, decidirem se a Europa, os seus valores de progresso, devem ser mais do que um parêntese na história. Eis a escolha que vos proponho, para traçarmos juntos o caminho rumo a um Renascimento europeu.

(EUobserver) France to ban far-right groups over antisemitism

(EUobserver)

French president Emmanuel Macron has said France would ban three far-right groups – Bastion Social, Blood and Honour Hexagone, and Combat 18 – and adopt a tougher definition of antisemitism in reaction to a spike in hate crimes, such as recent vandalism of Jewish graves. “Europe, and most Western democracies, seem to be facing a resurgence of antisemitism unseen since World War II,” Macron said.

(Algemeiner) ‘Ça Suffit!’: Thousands Demonstrate in Paris and Across France Against Surging Antisemitism

(Algemeiner)

Demonstrators gather for the rally against antisemitism in the Place de la Republique in Paris. Photo: Reuters / Philippe Wojazer.

More than 20,000 demonstrators filled the Place de la Republique in Paris on Tuesday night in response to a nationwide call for mass rallies against the continuing surge of antisemitism in France.

The show of solidarity with French Jews in the capital was replicated across the country, with rallies against antisemitism being held in more than 60 cities and towns, including Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse and Strasbourg — the city in eastern France near which only on Tuesday morning dozens of graves in a Jewish cemetery were found defaced with swastikas and antisemitic slogans.

The vandalism at the cemetery came following a week of high-profile antisemitic incidents, including the daubing of a Jewish-owned bakery with the slogan “Juden!” and the abuse hurled at the French-Jewish intellectual Alain Finkielkraut last weekend by protesters affiliated with the populist “yellow vest” movement.

Under the floodlit statue of Marianne, the symbol of the French Republic, the demonstrators who gathered at dusk in Paris held signs declaring “Ça suffit!” (“That’s enough!”), as well as the greeting “Shalom, Salaam, Salut.” Many of the signs at the rally highlighted the figure “74%” — the total increase in the number of antisemitic outrages recorded in France during 2018.

At the podium, children from schools in the local district read out speeches against antisemitism, some of them recalling the mass deportation of the Jews of Paris by the Nazis in July 1942.

French rap artist Abd al Malik closed the rally, leading the crowd in a chorus of “La Marseillaise,” the national anthem.

Initiated by the opposition Socialist Party, Tuesday’s rallies against antisemitism were backed by 14 political parties from the far left to the center-right. Political leaders attending the demonstration in Paris included Prime Minister Edouard Philippe and 14 other members of the French cabinet, including Education Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer and Higher Education Minister Frédérique Vidal.

Minutes before the rally against antisemitism commenced, French President Emmanuel Macron paid a separate visit to the Holocaust memorial in Paris. After laying a memorial wreath, Macron praised the nearby rally without taking further questions from assembled reporters. On Wednesday night, Macron is scheduled to deliver a much-anticipated speech at the annual dinner of CRIF, the French Jewish communal organization.

On arriving at the Holocaust memorial, Macron — who earlier in the day had visited the vandalized Jewish cemetery in Quatzenheim — was accosted by a woman who implored him, “Mr. President, I’m French, Jewish, I need to talk to you! I beg you!” Aides in Macron’s office told newspaper Le Figaro that the president engaged in a short conversation with the woman, but did not share details of their discussion.

Tuesday’s rallies around France followed a debate in the French National Assembly around a new legislative proposal to criminalize anti-Zionism — understood as the call for the elimination of the State of Israel —  as a form of antisemitism.

Speaking in favor of the motion, French Jewish lawmaker Meyer Habib expressed his fear that the current wave of antisemitism would force Jews to leave the country in large numbers.

Asked during his cemetery visit on Tuesday for his view on the National Assembly debate, President Macron said he opposed making anti-Zionism a criminal offense.

“I do not feel that penalizing anti-Zionism is a good solution,” Macron said. “I do believe that those who want Israel to disappear also want to target Jews, but when you examine the issue of outlawing anti-Zionism, you realize this would cause a number of problems.”

While turnout at Tuesday’s rallies did not exceed the numbers at similar previous events — several thousand marched against antisemitism in 2012 following the terrorist attack at a Jewish school in Toulouse, and did so again last year, following the brutal murder of Holocaust survivor Mireille Knoll — French-language social media feeds carried extensive photos and videos of the gatherings in Paris and elsewhere.

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L’Echiquier social@EchiquierSocial

Place de la République : 19h47 #CaSuffit #JeDisNon Rassemblement contre l’antisémitisme7:09 PM – Feb 19, 2019See L’Echiquier social’s other TweetsTwitter Ads info and privacy

Bernard-Henri Lévy@BHL

Ce n’est pas aux #Juifs de se défendre, c’est à la #République, dit #Macron au cimetière juif de #Quatzenheim au lendemain de la profanation. La réaction est rapide. Les mots sont justes et beaux. La France est debout et l’#antisémitisme demeure la honte de notre nation.1,1564:57 PM – Feb 19, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacy491 people are talking about this

Aurélie Sarrot@aureliesarrot · 19hReplying to @aureliesarrot

« Touche pas à mon pote », « salam shalom salut » et #Giletsjaunes place de la République #manif #Paris

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Aurélie Sarrot@aureliesarrot

Mathilde, 22 ans, militante @SOS_Racisme , intervient dans les collèges et lycées contre le racisme et L’antisemitisme. Elle est place de la #Republique #Paris ce soir pour la #manif pic.twitter.com/TeKUGQiF8o265:35 PM – Feb 19, 2019Twitter Ads info and privacy

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France 3 Rhône-Alpes@F3Rhone_Alpes

A #Lyon, plusieurs centaines de personnes sont massées place Bellecour pour protester contre toutes formes d’antisémitisme. (Photos D. Pajonk)226:12 PM – Feb 19, 2019See France 3 Rhône-Alpes’s other Tweets